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© P. Brusselen
© P. Brusselen

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Solidago canadensis


Common name: Canada goldenrod
Synonyms: S. altissima
Origin: North America
Plant type: Herbaceous
Life cycle: Perennial
Code of conduct: Annex I (consensus list)
Invasive status (ISEIA protocol): Black list
Main ornemental function: Mixed border


This factsheet is common for 2 species of North-american Solidago's : S. canadensis and S. gigantea. These 2 species are very close morphologically and ecologically. Goldenrods are tall herbs up to 0,5 to 2 m tall, with annual above ground shoots and persistent belowground rhizomes. Yellow flowers very attractive for pollinators.


Solidago's are propagated by seeds and rhizomes. One individual can produce a high number (several thousands) of wind-dispersed seeds. Within established stands, Solidago species probably propagates only vegetatively. Solidago's have a very strong lateral growth, one clone can have a diameter of 10 m. But rhizomes can also be dispersed over long distances by rivers. Small rhizome fragments can be transported by water currents. First introduced as ornamental, goldenrods are still available in garden nurseries.


Riparian habitats (riverbanks) and ruderal areas like raiways, wastelands, abandonned fields. Also found in grasslands, forests. Pioneer species intolerant to shade. Preference for nutrient rich and moist soils, but also able to grow on dry and nutrient-poor conditions.


Species classified A3 in Belgium. Solidago species are considered as one of the most aggressive plant invaders in Europe. They form dense populations with a high shoot density, reducing native plant species richness. Goldenrods colonise high conservation value habitats, like wetlands or dry meadows. Once established, it remains dominant for a long period and often prevent natural colonisation by woody species. Along riverbanks, goldenrods can occur with other invasive species like Impatiens glandulifera, Heracleum mantegazzianum, Fallopia japonica, Helianthus tuberosus or North American asters species (Aster lanceolatus, A. novi-belgii, A. salignus). For more information, click here


Do not plant, do not buy.

Possible native alternative

Main ornemental function

Mixed border

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